- Copyright for Humber Faculty
i copy right
i copy right emphasizes professional practice and builds a community of support. Read faculty testimonials describing the support they received from library copyright staff.
See i cite my sources to learn how to cite images.
This chart is based on the icopyright pocket guide distributed to faculty in May. The details are from the new Copyright Act, recent Supreme Court of Canada decisions and Humber's Fair Dealing policy (January 3, 2013). Fair Dealing
Safe Harbour & Policy
Humber's Fair Dealing policy is designed as a "safe harbour". Faculty who stay within the limits of the policy will not infringe copyright.
Copying that falls outside of the safe harbour requires permission.
The policy allows faculty to reproduce and distribute a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work without permission from, or payment to, the copyright holder.
Remember to cite the source.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org for help.
A "short excerpt" is any of the following:
- One chapter or article
- One image or graphic
- One table or diagram
- One painting or photograph
OR … 10% of a copyright-protected work, whichever suits your needs.Examples:
- If a book is 480 pages, you can share any 48 pages from that book
- If a book is 480 pages, you can share one chapter even if it is 55 pages
- If a journal issue is 210 pages, you can share any 21 pages from that issue
Remember to cite the source.
Take two minutes to listen to the short excerpt segment of the icopyright audio series.
Distribution & Scanning
Faculty can distribute short excerpts as:
- Class handouts
- Content included in PowerPoint slides
- Scanned files posted to Blackboard since only eligible students have access and it is password-protected
Remember to cite the source.How to create readable content:
- Photocopy the short excerpt including the title page (the source citation).
- Scan the copied pages
- Save the document as a pdf file
After the course is finished, review the scanned content for continued relevance and remove if no longer needed.
Take two minutes to listen to the distribution segment of the icopyright audio series.
Course packs typically include short excerpts such as book chapters or journal articles.
The journal articles may be available in the library databases.Alternatives
- Short excerpts can be posted to Blackboard as long as the source is cited
- Copyright staff can help you link to library database articles and/or eBooks in Blackboard
- Funding is available for permission to use content that exceeds the fair dealing limits
Take a minute to listen to the course pack segment of the icopyright audio series.
Email email@example.com to learn how to distribute your course pack readings so students can save money.
Faculty can link to, copy, download and share content from the Internet as long as:
- The content has been posted by the copyright holder
- The content is publicly available and not password-protected
- There is no visible notice prohibiting the reproduction
- The source and author/creator is cited
Linking: ensure that a new window is opened to display the content - do not frame within Blackboard.
Free to use:
- Project Gutenberg has public domain eBooks
- Saylor Foundation has post-secondary course content
- Open Educational Resources has post-secondary course content
- Internet Archive is an excellent place to find content.
- Once copyright has expired, a work can be used freely.
- The copyright term is the life of the author or creator plus 50 years (Canada) or 70 years (US).
- Any translation or republication of a work has its own copyright term.
- An author can choose to release their work directly to the public domain.
Creation & Content
Uses & Sources
Faculty can create a new work by combining short excerpts, music or video clips as long as the original sources are from the copyright holder.
Remember to cite the sources.
Netflix or iTunes cannot be used, nor can a digital lock be broken to get content.You can use:
Images can be photographs or other graphics. Faculty can share images from:
- Websites if posted by the copyright holder and not password-protected
- Books and journals (print or online) if the number meets the short excerpt limit
- Library databases - an unlimited number is allowed
Humber's Microsoft Office licence covers the use of clip art in presentations.Image sources: cite the source.
Video and TV
Uses & YouTube
Uses & Sources
Faculty can show films, documentaries and TV shows in class as long as the copy is legal.
Netflix and iTunes licences are for personal use only, so this content cannot be used.
TV news and commentary can be taped and shown for one year. Showing other taped programs requires payment.
Use the Library's DVDs and streamed videos instead.YouTube:
- Make sure that the videos you share are posted by the copyright holder
- To learn if a video is legitimate, watch our YouTube and Copyright tutorial.
Faculty can play music in class as long as the source is a legal copy. iTunes content cannot be used.
Events with background music require a SOCAN licence, as do musical performances that are for profit.Music sources:
- 10% of a sound recording
- 10% of a single musical score
- 10% of a Fakebook or songbook - may amount to many lead sheets
Create a course pack if the amount you'd like to copy exceeds the fair dealing limits.
Worth Noting Worth Noting Cases:
Sharing Harvard or Ivey case studies requires payment. Find alternatives in the library databases.
See our tutorials on how to cite properly.
Licence restrictions prohibit the use of Humber's library database content at other institutions, nor can you use their resources at Humber. We can help get the content you need.
Some publishers let faculty share instructor resources while others do not. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for details.
Work created by students is copyright-protected. Use of their work requires a release form.
Sharing content from personal print or online subscriptions requires permission.
There are no limits on the amount faculty can copy for exams and tests.
Theatre: A licence is required if a performance is for profit.
Trademarks: Trademark law does not have educational exceptions. Avoid the unauthorized use of any logos.
Workbooks: Sharing workbook content requires permission.
Humber's Fair Dealing policy lets faculty use copyright-protected works without permission from, or payment to, the copyright holder under certain conditions. The policy is designed as a safe harbour.
Faculty who stay within the limits of the policy will not infringe copyright. To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed.
- The "dealing" must be for a purpose stated in the Copyright Act.
- Is the copying for: education, research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, satire or parody?
- Educational use of a copyright-protected work passes the first test.
- The dealing must be "fair". Faculty can reproduce and distribute a short excerpt of a copyright-protected work.
- A short excerpt is any of the following:
- One book chapter
- One journal/magazine article
- One newspaper article or page
- One entry from a reference work
- One poem from a collection
- One table or diagram
- One photograph or painting
OR ... 10% of the copyright-protected work, whichever suits your needs.
- Distribution of a short excerpt can be:
- Handouts provided during class
- A scanned file posted to Blackboard
*Save students money: we can determine if your course-pack includes short excerpts.
- Contractual obligations trump fair dealing rights. This means that you cannot reproduce or distribute content you get from a personal subscription, iTunes, Netflix, etc. without permission from the copyright holder.
- It is good professional practice to cite your sources.
- Reproducing or distributing multiple short excerpts from the same copyright-protected work, with the intention of copying substantially the entire work, is prohibited.
- A short excerpt is any of the following:
Contact us at email@example.com if the amount you'd like to copy exceeds the limits of the fair dealing policy.
- Copying that is outside the safe harbour requires permission.
- We will investigate possible costs. Funding support may be available if payment is required.
- Instead of asking permission, link to content from the library databases instead.
- Sharing instructor-support materials from adopted textbooks depends on the publisher.
Videos and TV
Section 29.5 of the Copyright Act allows faculty can show feature films and documentaries in class without the need for public performance rights as long as the copy is legal.
- Use the Library's collection of DVDs and streamed videos.
- Videos from personal collections can be shown as long as the copy is legal.
- Humber still has agreements with AudioCine and Criterion for this academic year.
- Netflix: since the license only covers "household use", content purchased through Netflix cannot be used in the classroom.
You need permission to create movie and TV clips since the Copyright Act prohibits the breaking of any digital lock. Use these alternatives instead:
- Borrow the DVD or link to our streamed videos and cue to the relevant section.
- Check the studio's or broadcaster's website for official clips.
- Use http://movieclips.com or http://movies.yahoo.com/trailers to link to authorized content.
- Email firstname.lastname@example.org and we'll investigate the permissions.
Humber’s streamed/online videos, available through the library catalogue and/or Blackboard, are licensed for Humber and Guelph-Humber classroom use and individual viewing.
- These videos are only to be accessed by current faculty and students and are not to be shared with unauthorized persons, shown to a paying audience, or loaned to any other organizations.
- No downloading or saving to a hard drive, server or any other form of storage device, digitization, alteration, duplication, reproduction, retransmission or broadcast is permitted without authorization.
- Faculty can show a TV program while it is being aired.
- Faculty can show students a TV program that they purchased.
- News programs or news commentaries can be taped and shown in class.
- News examples: the National (first 30 mins only), BBC World Report, Global News, Le telejournal
- Commentary examples: the Editors, Larry King Live, As It Happens
- TV Documentaries: you must pay a tariff to the ERCC to use taped documentaries but you can show a legal copy without permission.
- Examples: 20/20, 60 Minutes, 48 Hours, Dateline
- Examples: W5, 5th Estate, Rex Murphy, Life & Times, the Nature of Things, Venture, Marketplace
- TV Series: you must pay a tariff to the ERCC to use taped series but you can show a legal copy without permission.
- Examples: ER, Six Feet Under, Saturday Night Live
The Educational Rights Collective of Canada (ERCC) is a non-profit Canadian copyright collective society that administers the Educational Rights Tariff.
- The price is $2.00/min. Contact us for the reporting form.
- Please be aware that most TV programs can be purchased through the Library instead of going through the ERCC.
Case Studies and Comics
For Harvard and Ivey business case studies, you must purchase class sets directly from these schools. Photocopying, electronic transmission and storage are not permitted.
There are alternative sources for case studies:
- Search the ABI/Inform Global and Business Source Premier library databases. You'll find both brief cases and traditional business cases that are lengthy with questions for discussion.
- Start at the Business database list to access these databases.
- Enter your keywords in the search box.
- Select "Case study" or "Business case" as the document type in ABI/Inform Global. In Business Source Premier, check the "Case Study" box.
- Search Warc, the World Advertising Research Centre database. You'll find advertising, marketing and media case studies, many of which are award-winning.
- Start at the alphabetical list to access this database.
- Choose the Case Studies section then click on "Case Finder".
- Build your search using the drop down menus.
- Some business schools/organizations make cases available at no charge. Examples include:
You can use up to seven cartoons per course per year at no cost for each of these listed comics.
- See details at educational use permissions.
- This covers Dilbert but not Farcus.
- If you want to use OFF THE MARK cartoons by Mark Parisi, check the non-proft rates.
You can use the xkcd webcomic because it is licenced under Creative Commons.