Copyright & Plagiarism

Fair Dealing >

Fair Dealing is a Copyright Act provision that allows you to reproduce copyright-protected works without permission from, or payment to, the copyright owner.

To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed.

  1. The purpose of the copying
    • Is the copying for: education, research, private study, criticism or review, news reporting, parody or satire?
    • Since students usually copy for research or private then student use passes the first test.
  2. The amount of the copying
    • You can copy a short excerpt of a work, which is:
      1. up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work)
      2. one chapter from a book
      3. a single article from a periodical
      4. an entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works
      5. an entire newspaper article or page
      6. an entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical scores
      7. an entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or similar reference work

Remember to cite the source of the work you are copying.

Images & the Internet >

What about scanning and class presentations?

  • Scanned images from journals and other published works can only be used on overheads and in PowerPoint for the intended project.
  • The number of images cannot exceed a short excerpt of the work.
  • These images can't be used for other purposes (portfolio use, on websites).
  • You must cite the source of any used content.

Can I use text/images I find on the Internet in my presentations and assignments?

  • Yes, as long as the content you plan to use is uploaded by the copyright owner.
  • You must cite the source of any used content.
  • Search the eResources found at our Images section for images that you can use in presentations and Blackboard.
  • These database images cannot be used for other purposes (portfolio use, on websites) since library licence agreements dictate usage restrictions.

Suggested Sources

Always cite the source of any content you use.

Public domain definition:

  • Once copyright has expired, a work can be used freely.
  • The copyright term is the life of the author or creator plus 50 years (Canada) or 70 years (US).
  • Any translation or republication of a work has its own copyright term.
  • An author can choose to release their work directly to the public domain.

Videos & Music >

Can I use DVDs or videos in class?

YouTube videos are okay to use, right?

It depends on who owns the rights to the video.

What about music?

Plagiarism >

Plagiarism is the act of submitting as your own, material which is in whole, or in substantial part, someone else's work. Students are expected to acknowledge the sources of ideas and expressions they use in essays, reports, assignments, etc. Failure to do so constitutes plagiarism and is punishable by academic penalty.

Go to our Cite Sources page for help in avoiding plagiarism.